What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?
PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, and has nothing to do with having cysts, despite the name!
It refers to when your ovaries are enlarged because they contain a large number of harmless fluid-filled sacs called follicles that are up to 8mm in size (about the same size as a small pea). Usually, eggs develop in these follicles, but in the case of PCOS they are often unable to release an egg meaning ovulation cannot take place.
People with PCOS have polycystic ovaries coupled with other symptoms such as irregular periods due to the fact that their ovaries don’t regularly release eggs. Another feature of PCOS is excess androgen, this means high levels of “male” hormones, like testosterone are present in the body. This can sometimes cause excess hair growth on your face or body.
What are the signs and symptoms of PCOS?
What causes polycystic ovaries?
What are the effects of these hormones?
There can be some long-term effects of the hormone imbalance associated with PCOS, such as an increased risk of developing certain health problems like high cholesterol and type 2 diabetes. That’s why it’s important to trust your gut feeling, listen to your body and get checked out by a medical professional to make sure you are getting the help to live a healthy, fulfilling life.
Why does PCOS cause weight gain?
What treatments are available for polycystic ovary syndrome?
The medical information in this article is provided as an information resource only and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. Please consult your doctor for guidance about a specific medical condition.
 A.M. Kabel Polycystic ovarian syndrome: insights into pathogenesis, diagnosis, prognosis, pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment Pharmacol. Rep., 1 (103) (2016), pp. E1-E5